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Indica vs Sativa

Sativa vs Indica

Indica vs. Sativa: Know Your Cannabis Subspecies

With more than 1,000 strains of cannabis having been bred during the past several decades, it is critical that patients are aware of the different types of efficacy available to them in terms of cannabis medicine. Some varieties of cannabis are most appropriate for particular diseases and ailments, but not others. Choosing the right strain is critical to ensuring that patients receive the best therapy possible.

Cannabis is a species of flowering herb that is split into three subspecies: Indica, sativa, and ruderalis. Ruderalis plants are small and yield relatively little medicine; what they do provide lacks potency and is generally not appealing to patients. Because of this, ruderalis strains are typically avoided by breeders and cultivators; the focus of the medical cannabis community is on indica and sativa strains.

Indica and sativa plants differ not only in their physiological effects, but also in their appearance. Indica plants are short and stocky, featuring leaves that are broad and “chunky.” Sativa plants tend to be taller and skinnier and may even be lanky in appearance, with leaves that are thin and pointed.

Infographic comparing sativa and indica strains.

Medical Efficacy

The most important difference between these two subspecies of cannabis, however, is in their medical effects and how they influence energy levels and productivity. Indicas tend to decrease energy and are better for consumption in the evening or at night, after the conclusion of the day’s work and activities. Potent indica strains may give some patients what is called “couchlock,” a condition in which they become so relaxed that they care barely get up from the sofa.

Sativas, on the other hand, are uplifting and cerebral, enhancing creativity and productivity. Indicas provide what has been called a “body high,” while sativas deliver more of a “mind high.” Unfortunately, sativa plants require longer to grow and yield less medicine (flowers) than indica varieties. This is why indica strains have traditionally dominated those available on the black market, where there is no concern for patient need and the sole focus is profit.

The fact that patients are given no choice of subspecies or strain when purchasing from the black market is a major reason it should be avoided. Patients should never trust or consume cannabis medicine without knowing its exact strain and that it was properly grown, dried, cured, and laboratory tested for purity and potential contamination.

Modern cultivators of medical cannabis purposefully breed and grow a wide spectrum of strains within both the indica and sativa categories for the purpose of making available the right medicine for a particular patient’s unique combination of disease, preference, and lifestyle. Often, patients must maintain jobs or family responsibilities that demand a particular energy level and can’t tolerate the sedative properties of many indicas. Other times, patients must seek the most potent non-opiate painkiller possible. Given the choice of chronic pain or the mellowing effects of a strong indica of a particular strain known for its medical benefits, most patients will choose the latter.

Because cultivators and dispensaries are sensitive to the subjective efficacy of particular strains for different patients, they grow and make available as many strains as possible for targeted ailments. Major conditions of focus include HIV/AIDS, cancer, fibromyalgia, glaucoma, Parkinson’s, all types of arthritis, and epilepsy, among many others.

In terms of particular ailments, sativa strains tend to be better for psychological disorders like depression, PTSD, and anxiety. Indicas are often the best for pain and inflammation and, thus, are beneficial for patients with arthritis, fibromyalgia, and cancer. However, because so many diseases are accompanied by side effects like depression and insomnia, a patient must consider treating both their core disease and also its daily symptoms. In the end, each patient will favor multiple strains that will likely fall within the categories of sativa, hybrid, and indica.

When it comes to aroma, indica strains tend to emit musty, earthy, and skunky odors, while sativas smell sweet, fruity, or spicy. This difference in aroma is the result of terpenes, the molecules within the plant that are cousins to cannabinoids like THC and CBD. While these chemicals provide sometimes stunningly pungent odors, their greatest benefit to patients is actually their medicinal efficacy.

Understanding Hybrids

Hybrids are simply new and unique strains that are bred from parents of different types. A hybrid theoretically possesses many or most of the beneficial medical properties of both its parents. Breeders can “cross” any two strains they desire in an effort to create a new strain that delivers the best possible medical efficacy, sometimes for particular diseases like lupus, multiple sclerosis, Crohn’s disease, and epilepsy.

It should be noted that any two strains can be mixed to create a hybrid. While indica/sativa mixes are common and often noted for their “alert mellowness” and productivity, medical cannabis breeders can also mix indicas with other indicas or use two sativas as parents.

With so many hybrid strains available to patients, many are a compromise that possess the ability to kill pain and fight inflammation while not putting a patient to sleep in the middle of the day. Patients who must medicate in the morning or mid-day, typically for nausea and pain, often prefer a sativa-dominant hybrid, but will switch to an indica-dom strain in the evenings and for maximum pain relief.

Hybrid strains that display more indica than sativa traits are labeled “indica-dom,” while those that lean toward sativa are similarly dubbed “sativa-dom.” Often, strains are labeled with a sativa/indica ratio, like a 60/40 sativa/indica. Other times a strain will indicate only a percentage, such as “70 percent indica” or “80 percent sativa”.

Landrace Strains & Heirlooms

Landrace strains are those that evolved naturally within their native environments. Because they weren’t bred and aren’t hybrids, landrace strains offer a very pure example of sativa or indica, with no interference from humans. In fact, landrace strains are typically 100 percent indica or sativa, the result of tens of thousands of years of inbreeding in a particular weather climate and geography.

Heirlooms are landrace strains that have been grown outside of their native environment, such as plants or seeds professionally grown in Illinois that originated on the other side of the world. While sought for their pure indica or sativa characteristics, such strains lose some of their unique characteristics when grown outside the climate in which they evolved.

Examples of landrace strains include Durban Poison, a sativa from South Africa; Afghan Indica, from Afghanistan; Malawi Gold, a sativa from Southeastern Africa; and Panama Red, a sativa from the country that bears its name.

Landrace sativas appear in Asia, Anatolia, and Northern Africa. These climates provide the long summers and intense sun in which such strains have evolved and adapted to thrive. Indicas are located in Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan. Such strains will not reach their potential if grown within indoor or outdoor conditions that don’t match those of their native environment.

Eastern Europe, the Himalayan region of India, and Siberia are home to ruderalis landrace strains and are among the least desired of these naturally evolved plants. Often, as in the Himalayas, such plants are used to create traditional hand-rolled hash, with impoverished villagers in such regions subsisting on black market sales of the concentrate that eventually appears in smoking cafes throughout Europe.

What Determines Sativa or Indica?

Readers have already learned that the sometimes pungent aromas produced by many strains of cannabis are the result of terpenes, the special molecules in the herb that are similar in many respects to cannabinoids like THC and CBD.

While many might guess that a particular strain of cannabis is categorized as indica, sativa, or hybrid based on the presence or absence of a particular cannabinoid, or a cannabinoid in a particular volume, it is actually a terpene that determines this important status of a strain.

Myrcene, the most common terpene in cannabis, is known to help patients sleep, battling conditions like anxiety and insomnia. If present in a specific strain in a volume greater than 0.5 percent, the strain is considered an indica. If the amount of myrcene is under one half of one percent, then the strain is deemed a sativa.

This dynamic is a good example of the entourage effect, a theory that cannabinoids and terpenes work together in harmony to deliver medicinal efficacy to patients. Many terpenes buffer or enhance the effects of major cannabinoids like THC.

New Strains Constantly Being Created

New strains of cannabis, many of which are hybrids of existing strains that display exceptional analgesic (pain killing) or anti-inflammatory qualities, are being created on a regular basis. While some strains are better at dealing with the nausea associated with chemotherapy (used to treat patients with cancer and Crohn’s, among other diseases), most types of cannabis are very good at this.

With such dramatic differences between indicas and sativas in terms of medicinal efficacy and the experience of the patient, those legally using medical cannabis should work with their physician and dispensary to experiment with various strains that are already known to deliver exceptional benefits to other sufferers, especially those with the same condition.

Patients must strive to find the strains that best deal with their particular disease or ailment and its symptoms, including the side effects of any pharmaceutical drugs or therapies. This is typically not an overnight project and may require months or even years of diligent effort. In fact, patients are encouraged to continually experiment with new strains in search of greater potency or a superior cannabinoid profile that delivers improved relief.
Because this efficacy is so subjective, the advice of other patients can be given only so much weight. The true test of a particular strain of indica or sativa occurs only when used by an individual patient when they most need it, such as during bouts of pain, nausea, or insomnia.

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How To Remove Stigma Around Cannabis & Women?

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We are all familiar with different kinds of information about cannabis revolving around the internet. With this, we have come a long way with different perceptions and beliefs. Even for many decades, there has been a stigma surrounding women’s interaction with cannabis and its related products like delta 8 gummies or tablets in Ohio

Even, women are also being judged during the consumption of alcohol and other legal substance- but for cannabis, it is made to be a terrible thing. 

Many people stay in the safety bubble as they are afraid of what people will think about their cannabis consumption. This is the reason I am on a mission with my sisters to make it easy for you to enjoy your preferred products. 

This is unfortunate that people are still being judged or being ashamed of adding these products to their routine- despite the fact that cannabis comes with therapeutic properties and can be used for a number of health conditions, according to experts. Even many patients get a medical card to purchase cannabis and marijuana-related products according to their health conditions after the consultation of doctors. 

This is the reason; Half-Baked Housewives is encouraging consumers to help end this stigma and move ahead with correct information. Read on this write-up and check out the amazing tips that can help at least some people to end the stigma around women and cannabis. Take a look!

Be Responsible Consumer: 

When you use something specifically a legal thing, you become the official representative of cannabis. When people or your knowns think of cannabis, the first member who pops into their mind is you. And there, being a responsible user, you have to share your loyal perception with others. Whether it is a bad experience or a good experience, as per your responsibility, you have to share your real thoughts. This leads people to understand the truth about cannabis. 

Arm Yourself With Cannabis Facts:

There is a whole bunch of misinformation spreading all over, but there you need to pack yourself with the correct facts and statistics so that your followers can count on you. If you are clear about the facts, no one can let you down. Educate yourself on the emerging effects of cannabis and studies, stay updated with the latest cannabis news, statistics and policies and always remember the fact that no one is going to judge you. Have an open conversation with your people. 

Moving on, there are many more things that can remove this stigma, including engaging with the entire community, joining the cannabis conference, conversations, actively participating in cannabis groups in a meaningful way.             

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Insights on the Current CBD Industry

America, in recent years, has fallen into a true drug crisis. Years of “reefer madness” scared science away from studying the natural benefits of cannabis products. Now, many struggle to deal with common and chronic ailments and pharmaceutical medications are their only option. Unfortunately, as many know, those medications can come with very harsh side effects.

We have had enough of the misinformation and lack of education. Armed with our own life experiences, and how the knowledge of how pharmaceuticals are affecting the entire country, we decided that someone had to step forward and make a difference.

Half Baked Housewives serves as a gathering place for women maturing through their 40s and 50s to explore the benefits of cannabis. In the spirit of empowerment and education, here are some of the latest trends affecting the cannabis product industry. 

CBD Oil’s Benefits

In just the past year alone, scientific research has led to the federal government approving CBD oil products for<a href=”https://www.epilepsy.com/learn/treating-seizures-and-epilepsy/other-treatment-approaches/medical-marijuana-and-epilepsy” > treating epilepsy in patients as young as two. 

While not a magic bullet that will cure any disease, all indications point to it serving as an important tool in the toolbox of medical science going forward. 

Although derived from the cannabis hemp plants, CBD oil does not intoxicate. In fact, these oils lower the levels of intoxication induced by the ingestion of THC, which is the psychoactive ingredient in recreational cannabis.

Impact of the 2018 Farm Bill

In 2018, President Donald Trump signed that year’s version of the Farm Bill. This bill covers most aspects of American agriculture, generally renewing programs such as USDA Rural Development and the SNAP program. 

Last year’s bill also contained language legalizing the production and sale of CBD oil. This follows legislation passed by several states which changed their laws to allow its use. 

Major Firms Making Large Investments

With the US CBD oil industry expected to reach $7 billion within the next five years, international firms look to take advantage of opportunities for growth and profit. 

Canopy Growth and Cronus Group, who have already seen tremendous growth in Canada, lead the way in terms of serious investments in the American industry. Cronos in 2018 also established a major partnership with Altria, manufacturer of Marlboro cigarettes, among other business interests.

The United States provides a perfect landscape for both CBD oils and medical marijuana. Much of the country enjoys the perfect climate for cultivation. Many of these areas are located close to both transportation and population centers. 

State Legalization of CBD Oil and Medical Cannabis Expanding

In the past two years, some states have moved ahead to legalize and encourage investment and development of CBD oil.

Texas and West Virginia legalized the production and sale of CBD oils based on hemp, which shares a genus and species name with marijuana cannabis, but does not contain THC in sufficient amounts to intoxicate. Many producers of CBD oils prefer to distill from hemp, due to lower overhead costs in protection and security compared to marijuana cannabis.

Kansas approved a measure to allow CBD oils to contain up to five percent THC to expand its ability to treat various conditions.

Reach Out Today

We welcome questions and concerns from members of our community. Call or message us today to learn more about what we do to empower women who need or want to use CBD oil or medical marijuana. 

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Our Why

My “Why”- A Sincere Note from Dori.  

My stepson, Zachariah, suffers from Dravet Syndrome, a debilitating seizure disorder that has left him intellectually disabled. Thankfully, Epidiolex has given him some relief.  Epidiolex is the first FDA-approved drug that contains THC and CBD.  It is also the first drug EVER to treat Dravet Syndrome. Zach’s story is an inspiration to many in the state of Texas, where he was invited to the Capitol when Gov. Abbott signed Texas’ medical marijuana bill into law.  We are thankful to Governor Abbott and the Texas legislature for this opportunity. – Dori

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An Invitation from Half Baked Housewives

So, where do we start?

Being women in our 50s

We’re all familiar with our plight as women. We’ve come a long way, that’s certain. If our grandmothers were alive today, they might say, “You know, you’re lucky” if they ever hear us talk about the state of gender equality, women’s empowerment, and equal pay. But then again, being the wise women they were, they might say, “Go get ‘em, girls!” We know this journey is ongoing; even in our 40s and 50s, we experience stigma in more ways than one.

More than men, women face ageism as they grow older. You won’t hear a young woman saying, “I wish I were 30, 40, or 50, and so on…” Nobody seems to like growing old. It seems the 50s is the official stage when, well, there’s just no stopping it.

Then, you add cannabis into the picture. Some people may end up conjuring images of sad, fearful women in their 50s trying to relive their glory days by smoking a few joints or munching on cannabis brownies. The keywords here are “sad, fearful” – they imply that there’s no fun to be had as we grow older. This is simply not true.

The role of Cannabis in our lives

So if you’re a woman just like us, and you’re wondering about the ways by which cannabis can help improve your health, and complement your lifestyle, reach out to us.

We’ve only just begun

Sounds like a song, right?

But it’s true, the 50s is a new beginning, and there’s so much more we can do.

Our goal is to empower women to live their fullest lives. We want to add to the pool of cannabis knowledge that’s meant to educate and inform all women growing through this stage of life. 

Most of all, we want you to know that you’re not alone and that maturing into our older years cab be a truly liberating and fun experience! So, don’t be afraid to step in and explore with us.

Welcome to Half Baked Housewives.